6 Principal Components of an Air Conditioner

Posted by jaimin

Air conditioners remove heat and moisture from a room to provide comfort to the people or inhabitants in it. They can be used in both residential and commercial settings.

Your air conditioning units doesn’t only work by keeping you cool all day; they serve three important tasks.

  1. For Cooling

For countries where there are warm conditions, as expected, air conditioners work to cool a space. Depending on the scale of a room, its number of inhabitants or devices in a room that may need cooling, you can choose from a window air conditioning unit, a central, split or ducted system and for businesses, it is more reliable to use commercial units.

  1. For Dehumidifying

Unfortunately, for warm countries, the air that is entrapped inside a home or any space becomes moist or humid. The good thing about air conditioners is that it dehumidifies the air. The water collected through the process is drained from the unit through a drain pipe.

  1. For Ventilation

Your air conditioning unit helps circulate the air inside your home or office. It provides comfortable temperatures which you change depending on your needs.


Now that we are thru with the functions, let’s learn about the different principal components of the air conditioning unit that will help you identify problems in the future and also familiarise yourself with the parts.

  1. Thermostat – controls the air conditioning unit. You can set the temperature here based on your needs. The best place to put the thermostat is near the centre of your home.
  2. Blower – acts by spilling out air out of the supply registers. This segment, which likewise works with your heater, flows cooled air into your home and pulls room-temperature air back for re-cooling.
  3. Evaporator Coil – is responsible for removing heat and moisture from the air.
  4. Compressor – compresses the coolant from low to high temperature then assists in the removal of heat coming from the outside.
  5. Fan – acts as a way to pull the heat out so that the unit does not overheats.
  6. Air Filter – the air filter acts as a sieve to strain dust, dirt and other debris. Without this, dust and other debris may accumulate on the other parts of your air conditioning unit that would cause damage.

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